3. Diverse Tenure Systems

Recognize and protect the diverse tenure and production systems upon which people’s  livelihoods depend, including the communal and customary tenure systems of smallholders, indigenous peoples, pastoralists, fisher folks, and holders of overlapping, shifting and periodic rights to land and other natural resources, even when these are not recognized by law, and whilst also acknowledging that the well-being of resource-users may be affected by changes beyond the boundaries of the land to which they have tenure rights.

  • Cambodia

    In Cambodia, our members are empowering twenty-one target communities to get community forestry, fishery and land use recognized by local authorities as well as the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)

  • Philippines

    In the Philippines, our members are working to ensure that a new administrative order is issued to speed up delineation of municipal waters  to grant fishing rights.  864 coastal delineations are currently pending. 

  • South Sudan

    In South Sudan, our members are working to lobby for the complementary application of customary and statutory laws in order to achieve tenure security for communities

  • Cameroon

    In Cameroon, our members are working to increase the number of communities that are successfully negotiating, protecting or defending community land rights

  • Guatemala

    In Guatemela, our members are supporting five organised rural groups in obtaining collective or individual formal property records for land

    In Guatemala, our members are carrying out media campaigns to suspend licence approvals for the purposes of mineral exploitation

  • Perù

    In Peru, our members are organizing civil society stakeholder groups to obtain community land titles for collectives

Regional Initiatives

Equitable rights for herders and marginalized poor in pastoral and rural communities in Asia

  • Developing recommendations on the use of diverse tenure systems for pasture/forest land
  • Mapping existing policy instruments favouring customary and traditional land rights of pastoralists in Asia 
  • Demonstrating the impacts of existing land policies of pastoralists through the use of stories and case studies
  • Campaigning for access to the commons 

Communal Land Governance: 

  • Raising thevisibility and promoting the value of communal land ownership
  • Organising exchange programmes and knowledge and learning processes 
  • Documenting best practices on communal land governance.

Global Policy

The lack of clarity and recognition of community land and resource rights across the developing world has become a global crisis undermining progress on social and economic development, human rights, peace, food security, environmental conservation, and our ability to confront and adapt to climate change. ILC brings together members and partners to advocate at international level for greater recognition and protection of diverse tenure systems, including through providing a rationale and modalities for the effectiveness of such tenure systems and launching a Global Call to Action for greater recognition of community and indigenous peoples' land rights.

People living in rangelands have developed natural resource management and tenure systems that are locally adapted appropriate to the unique features of rangelands. However, their land and resource rights are weak and often violated. The ILC Rangelands Initiative is working with governments, ILC members, partners and the communities they represent, in order to open space for dialogue on positive change, develop better policy and legislation, improve implementation through piloting and scaling-up of good practice, and documenting guidelines and lessons learned.


Photo: ©Michael Benanav

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