National Engagement Strategy
As of 2015, NES India's achievements include:
- Contributing to the formulation and review processes of various policies and laws on land, homestead, the commons, and women farmers, review of the Land Acquisitions Act, and the implementation of the Forest Rights Act.
What is a National Engagement Strategy? Learn more HERE!
Anu Verma | NES facilitator
Institutions that are responsible for implementing land laws and regulations face systemic challenges in India. The implementation of land laws fall largely under the jurisdiction of states in India, and in this context there has been limited effort to identify rural people and minorities that face absolute landlessness, illegal tenancy, and land alienation. Increasing commercial pressures on land has also led to large-scale land acquisitions often without information or any compensation for displaced, or respect for land ceiling laws. Further, social institutions of caste and patriarchy perpetrate social barriers to land.
National legislative frameworks that govern the land rights of rural women and men, forming the foundation for social welfare, are thereby crucial to the work of the International Land Coalition. ILC India members accordingly seek to engage like-minded partners in a coordinated manner to obtain land-related laws and policies that benefit women and men living in conditions of poverty. Addressing land rights in such a vast country is complex, yet the ILC NES in India brings together actors from civil society, grassroots, government and international organisations, unifying diversities, to identify and address the priority land related issues of rural people who comprise nearly 70% of the population.
The country level strategy in India aims to engage actors in a multi-stakeholder platform to influence formulation of pro‑poor land and related laws and policies, including a Policy on Commons. Likewise, the country platform will work at the state and local levels to advance the implementation of pro-poor land related laws, such as the Forest Rights Act 2006, the Land Acquisition Bill 2013, Women Farmers’ Entitlement Bill 2011, the Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA) 2006, and others as discussed during villager self-help group meetings.