MRG and OPDP worried about the flawed implementation of African Court’s Ogiek judgment
Minority Rights Group International (MRG) and Ogiek Peoples’ Development Program (OPDP), ILC members, express their concern about the newly formed Kenyan government Task Force on the implementation of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights judgment regarding the case of the indigenous Ogiek people.
In May 2017, the African Court delivered a major victory for the Ogiek, following repeated evictions from their ancestral lands in the Mau Forest, Kenya. In response, the Kenyan government formally gazetted on 10 November 2017 a Task Force on implementing the ruling. However, the government failed to consult with the community, and the Task Force lacks any Ogiek representatives.
‘It is extremely concerning that the government has sought to press ahead with a process which does not reflect the needs or wishes of the Ogiek community’ says Lucy Claridge, Legal Director at MRG, who litigated the case before the African Court on behalf of the Ogiek. ‘This is in spite of the African Court’s clear findings that the Ogiek were not consulted about the evictions they have suffered, nor have they been actively involved in developing and determining health, housing and other economic and social programmes affecting them.’
Under its mandate, the Task Force is required to study the judgment of the African Court and any other local judgments related to the case as well as relevant laws and policies, and to establish the status of the land in question. Importantly, the Task Force is charged with recommending measures to provide redress to the Ogiek, which could include restitution, compensation or the provision of alternative land. The Task Force is also mandated to conduct studies and public awareness on indigenous peoples’ rights.
However, in a worrying development, the Ogiek have not been consulted about the Task Force’s establishment, despite several requests to the Attorney-General to participate in a process which directly affects them. While the Task Force ‘may solicit, receive and consider the view of the public and any interest groups’, it regrettably does not require consultation with the Ogiek community, nor does it include Ogiekcommunity members. Instead, the Task Force comprises officials from the Offices of the President and Deputy President, the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, the Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning, the National Treasury, the Office of the Attorney General, the Kenya National Human Rights Commission, the National Lands Commission, the Ministry of Sports and Culture, and the Kenya Forest Service.
‘These notable omissions call into question whether meaningful implementation of the African Court’s judgment will take place. The Ogieksee the creation of the Task Force as a positive step, but are obviously concerned that their views may be excluded from this important process. We look forward to active engagement with the Task Force’ adds Daniel Kobei of Ogiek Peoples’ Development Program, who represented the Ogiek throughout the case.
The African Court’s decision was a huge step forward for the Ogiek people in recognising their status as an indigenous people and their customary right to land. It also sets an important precedent for indigenous peoples’ rights in Africa and beyond. In addition to declaring that the government had violated the Ogiek’s rights over their ancestral lands due to repeated evictions without consultation or compensation, the African Court ruled that the government had denied their rights to religion, culture and development, whilst also crucially recognizing the role of indigenous peoples in conserving their land and natural resources.
The Task Force’s current mandate allows it to operate for a period of six months. MRG and OPDP look forward to its engagement both with the Ogiek people and the African Court, especially in anticipation of a future ruling on reparations, which is expected to be delivered separately.
Notes to editors:
- Minority Rights Group International, Ogiek Peoples’ Development Program and CEMIRIDE were the three original Complainants in the ‘Ogiek case’ before the African Commission.
- Find out more about the Ogiek on MRG’s legal cases website.
- Minority Rights Group International is a non-governmental organization working to secure the rights of ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples worldwide. We work with more than 150 partners in over 50 countries.
- For more information or to arrange interviews contact:
Lucy Claridge, MRG Legal Director (English, French)
Kanyinke Sena, MRG Kenya Advocacy Officer (English, Swahili)
Daniel Kobei, Ogiek Peoples’ Development Program Executive Director (English, Swahili)
Photo credit: MRG