Protecting shared grazing through joint village land use planning
OLENGAPA is a grazing area shared by the villages Olkitikiti, Lerug, and Ngapapa in rural Tanzania. Until 2015 this area was facing encroachment, fragmentation and loss to crop farming due to lack of resources and capacity to implement policies and legislation. From 2010 to 2016 the then Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries and the National Land Use Planning Commission supported the piloting of joint village land use planning in OLENGAPA. This involved resolving conflicts between livestock keepers and settler crop growers. It resulted in a joint land use agreement for the shared grazing area and other resources, the establishment of a cross-village Livestock Keepers Association, and the opportunity to secure the grazing area through the provision of group certificates of customary rights of occupancy (CCROs).
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