2017 Tenure Conference: Realizing People’s Rights: Forest and Land Tenure Reform in Indonesia
2017 Tenure Conference was convened in Jakarta, Indonesia during 25-27th October 2017 to review and revise the ‘Tenurial Road Map’ that was developed as a result of the Lombok Conference in 2011, during the previous administration.
It was organized by the Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup & Kehutanan (KLHK), [Ministry of Environment & Forestry] and the Kantor Staf Presiden (KSP) [Office of the Presidential Staff], also the Koalisi Masyarakat Sipil untuk Keadilan Tenurial [Civil Society Coalition for Tenure Justice] as part of working towards achieving the ideals of equitable development.
It seeks to ensure the rights to land tenure, and the reform process in order for local communities and Indigenous Peoples to attain sustainable forest governance/management in Indonesia, which has been proven time and time again to be one of the most effective mechanisms to close the development gap (especially in rural areas), and simultaneously will fundamental in the realization of the goals of Joko Widodo's Government as declared in the program of "Nawa Cita".
The conference was highlighting three main concepts: the expansion of community governance/management areas; conflict resolution; and determination of forest areas.
Forest tenure, land and natural resources governance are the main components in providing opportunities for marginalized groups to gain access to the means of production (cultivation, capital and labor, and knowledge), which, in turn opens new economic opportunities for communities based on the principles of justice and sustainability towards equitable development.
The Conference aims to enhance collaboration and mutual sharing of data towards achieving government targets through data aggregation, case studies and information on agrarian reform and social forestry, enhancing the knowledge of practitioners and decision makers in supporting the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and Local Governments in the face of opportunities and challenges to promote community forest management, and resolve conflicts by clarifying the boundaries of forests, private/non-State lands, and State lands.
It also aspires to have a general consensus on forest and land tenure reforms and equitable development as a principle result, and to initiative and foster coordination among stakeholders will be produced towards implementation of agrarian reform programs through social forestry as well as legalization and redistribution of land to achieve fair and equitable development. The 2017 Tenure Conference can be seen as a continuation of an earlier international tenurial conference in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara (2011), as the Indonesian Government and civil society pushed for improved governance in relation to land and forest tenure.
The conference resulted in a growing Tenurial Road Map, which in turn became one of the National Priority Programs as established in Presidential Regulation No. 45 of 2016.
It delivered 11 panel discussion themes, where at least 50 speakers spoke at the 11 panel meetings and 2 plenary sessions. The substance of each panel was prepared by the reporting parties together with the organizers.
The 2017 Tenure Conference was being attended by around domestic and international 350 participants in total. Participants from Indonesia included officials from national and local government agencies, civil society organizations, local community leaders, policy development institutions in Asian countries, research institutes, universities, businesses and other development institutions.