Impacts on climate change in agriculture and food security in Bangladesh's coastal area
Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries due to climate change impacts. The negative impact of climate change in Bangladesh is far-reaching.
The country's agriculture, livelihoods of farmers’ and marginalized groups in coastal belt are being difficult due to frequent cyclone, river erosion, and saline intensity as results of climate change. The research report entitled The Growing Better Future by Oxfam International says that only climate change will increase the cost of food grains by 50 percent in the next 20 years. This will make it incredible for innocent poor people to live a standard life. Agriculture is the main driving force of Bangladesh's economy. This sector is the biggest employment for rural poor. Bangladesh's economic growth is largely dependent on the growth of agricultural sector. Agriculture provides direct and indirect support to people's basic needs for food, clothing, housing, education and medicine. Therefore, farmers and agriculture must be sustained for food security.
Based on these reasons, NES Bangladesh's partner, Association for Realisation of Basic Needs (ARBAN) has organized a workshop on Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security in Coastal Area on 23rd January 2018 at Dasmina Upazila (sub-district) under Patuakhali district in coastal area with the support of ILC. Sixty participants (15 female and 45 male) including 12 local government representatives and 5 public officials have been participated in the workshop.
Objectives of the Workshop are as follows:
- Raise the community's awareness on the causes and impacts of climate change;
- Identify the activities to counter the adverse effects of the climate change in salinity-prone areas;
- Identify the strengths and their coordinating techniques for securing agricultural lands and food production;
Recommendations drawn from the workshop were summarised as below:
- Increase the production and use of organic fertilizer in the agricultural lands;
- The use of chemical fertilizers should be stopped;
- Excavation of rivers and cannels for removing water logging;
- Increase the production of seasonal vegetables;
- Agricultural land must be protected from river erosion through building, repair or renovate the embankments;
- A movement will have to be developed against illegal land grabbers and river encroachment;
- Brick kilns will be shut down to protect agricultural lands;
- Organize courtyard meetings frequently to aware the people on climate change impacts and food security;
*News source: Association for Land Reform and Development ALRD