Argentina: Important multi-stakeholder partnership established to secure access to natural resources for most vulnerable populations
Four ILC member organizations working in the Chaco region of Argentina joined efforts to launch a National Engagement Strategy (NES). They also summoned other NGOs, intergovernmental agencies, government officials and indigenous and peasant leaders, with the final aim to change agendas, public policies and social practices.
Fundacion Plurales, Redes Chaco, Federacion Agraria Argentina and FUNDAPAZ, together, set up a partnership to work together in a National Engagement Strategy (NES) promoted by the International Land Coalition (ILC). The main objective is working for changes in public policies, agendas and social practices in the Chaco region of Argentina to ensure the access, use and management of land, water and other natural resources of indigenous and peasant organizations, women and youth.
In order to promote political advocacy actions, the NES will be joined in Argentina by other key public and private stakeholders which are also committed to most vulnerable rural populations. The NES will work at the local and national levels and will be in coordination with similar ILC initiatives working at regional and global levels, such as the Latin America Semi-arid Platform, Land Matrix or the parallel reports submitted by Argentinean ILC members to the United Nations.
A country assessment was carried out to elaborate the NES work plan in line with the 10 ILC commitments. Details of the study follow:
- Most peasant and indigenous communities which currently inhabit their territories do not have the legal certainty of titles to their properties. They also tend to be located in areas with low potential for human development.
- Concentration of land and natural resources has taken place in the country over the past three decades. The sowing pools, the big agricultural corporations, and national and foreign investors have occupied the lands of small and medium peasant and indigenous producers, ousting productive activity of family agriculture from rural areas.
- For some time now, policies benefitting most powerful rural and export sectors have been implemented, while small producers and indigenous communities are left aside.
- Men and women in Argentina formally have equal property rights. However, the widespread lack of legal certainty of land titles among peasant families worsens the situation for rural women. They find themselves easily evicted from their territories and with their rights to health, food security and education eroded.
- Agricultural expansion and livestock displacement in the northwest and northeast of the country add pressure on native forests and land inhabited, in many areas, by indigenous communities and peasant families.