Interventions to curb deforestation and stability in access to land: A comparative study between two land regulation modalities in the Transamazon region, Brazil

This paper addresses the interaction between the application of environmental laws and the stability of beneficiary families in agrarian reform settlements, in a context of increasing environmental concerns pressured by climate change. It compares two types of land regulation in the Amazon – settlement projects and sustainable development projects. It examines four main issues: forms of accessing land, the legal situation of land property, actual places of residence, and conditions for family farming. It shows that the type of land regulation per se does not affect the mobility of families, but rather that families’ desire to work for themselves, without landlords, is the core reason why many leave behind hard-earned reformed plots to pursue new opportunities elsewhere.