Promoting women’s access to and control over land in the central highlands of Madagascar

In Madagascar, as in other African countries, securing access to and control over land is a key issue of economic development, poverty reduction and household and national food security. More than 80% of the Malagasy population live in rural areas, which means that their main source of income and basis of survival is agriculture.

The action-research project analyses and supports women’s struggles for their legal and customary rights to access and control land in two rural regions of the central highlands of Madagascar. Hence, this research intended to contribute to an improved understanding of how women access land through both customary and reformed statutory processes in the country.

In addition, this project also defined a set of specific objectives, namely: (i) to assess and analyse how different women access and negotiate their land rights through customary and statutory laws, and the gaps and overlapping complementarities between them; (ii) to understand how the relationship between the gender division of labour, benefits and use of land and other resources affects women’s tenure security; (iii) to lobby to influence current land reform processes and share information with local women about women’s right, vulnerability and experiences in accessing land.