9. Medidas eficaces contra el acaparamiento de tierras

Impedir y remediar el acaparamiento de tierras, respetando los derechos tradicionales al uso de la tierra y los medios de vida locales, y asegurando que todas las iniciativas a gran escala que involucran el uso de la tierra, el agua y otros recursos naturales cumplan con las obligaciones de derechos humanos y ambientales y se basen en: el consentimiento libre, previo e informado de los usuarios de tierra existentes; una evaluación exhaustiva de los impactos económicos, sociales, culturales y ambientales tanto con respecto a las mujeres como a los hombres; la planificación democrática y la supervisión independiente; y contratos transparentes que respeten los derechos laborales, cumplan con las obligaciones sociales y fiscales y sean específicos y vinculantes sobre la distribución de responsabilidades y beneficios. . En los casos donde hayan ocurrido impactos adversos sobre los derechos humanos y los derechos legítimos a la tenencia, los actores interesadas deben establecer mecanismos imparciales y competentes, y cooperar con ellos para proporcionar una reparación, incluyendo a través de la restitución de la tierra e indemnizaciones.

 

 

  • Indonesia

    In Indonesia, our members are consolidating civil society campaigns to push for safeguards in the Masterplan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia's Economic Development (MP3EI) – land allocated for large scale investments using natural resources

  • Camboya

    In Cambodia, our members are advocating for the Government's compliance on laws related to Social Land Concessions (SLCs) andland granted to displaced and poor families. Members are also conducting training courses on land governance regulations, developing materials, research studies, and radio talk shows to raise public awareness

  • La India

    In India, members are reviewing land acquisition laws and policies to raise awareness on large scale land acquisitions and related evictions in order to advocate for consent, compensation, or respect for land ceiling laws prior to displacement

  • Sudán del Sur

    In South Sudan, members are  setting up an observatory on land grabbing and are lobbying with political local leaders and chiefs for the inclusion of land users in large scale land acquisition processes

  • Malaui

    In Malawi, members are  supporting community efforts by building the capacity of vulnerable people to seek justice on any dubious land transaction in their communities

  • Guatemala

    In Guatemala,  rural communities affected by land grabbing are supported in the processes that recognize their rights to resettlement, in dignity and with security, and have eventually been granted access to their land

Regional Initiatives

Common Action Facing Land Grabbing in Asia

  • Influencing Policy Making Processes at National Level Through IGO/INGO institution and CSO’s Alliance
  • Developing People Awareness on Land Grabbing through popular campaigns
  • Developing common regional standards on safeguards in regulating investments operation
  • Providing legal aid and service on land conflicts and rapid response through a Caucus supporting at the national level: Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Nepal, and Bangladesh
  • Establishing informal network ‘caucus’ of ILC members that will identify a team of lawyers, activists, researchers, on Human Rights Defenders on land in Asia that can be mobilized when needed immediate response
  • Building capcities to protect against land grabbing through training at National level for local leaders in CSOs, women, IPs, and govt in 4 countries: India, Cambodia, Indonesia, Bangladesh

Land Matrix Latin America Focal Point

Collecting and systematising information on land transactions in Latin America.

Global Policy

During the Assembly of Members in Tirana in 2011, ILC members defined the first widely-used definition of land grabbing. By clearly defining the term, ILC members were not only able to collectively denounce land-grabbing but also to begin to work together systematically to prevent it, as well as to open spaces for constructive debates on what investments should instead be doing so as to create opportunity for real and meaningful local benefit.

In order to explore how to best support ILC members' collaborative efforts to prevent land grabbing, ILC will follow a staged approach to build on existing initiatives and learn from them, with a strong focus on involving interested members in defining the way forward here. There is interest from members in a facility on land and investment that would support rural communities to interact with the corporate sector, participate in due diligence exercises related to land-based investment, participate in learning exchanges and get exposure to national and international grievance mechanisms

ILC will adapt to the interest and demands of members to find the best possible way to facilitating members' collaboration under this area.

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