- 1. Sécurisation des droits fonciers
- 2. Solidité des systèmes agricoles de petite échelle
- 3. Diversification des régimes fonciers
- 4. Droits fonciers équitables entre hommes et femmes
- 5. Sécurisation des droits territoriaux des peuples autochtones
- 6. Gestion locale des écosystèmes
- 7. Inclusivité des processus décisionnels
- 8. Transparence de l’information et redevabilité
- 9. Action efficace contre l’accaparement des terres
- 10. Protection des défenseurs des droits fonciers
1. Sécurisation des droits fonciers
Respecter, protéger et renforcer les droits fonciers des femmes et des hommes vivant dans la pauvreté en veillant à ce que nul ne soit privé, notamment par expropriation, expulsion ou exclusion, de l’utilisation et du contrôle de la terre dont dépendent leur bien-être et leur dignité, et à ce que les changements obligatoires dans les régimes fonciers soient conformes aux normes et au droit international des droits de l’Homme.
In Bangladesh, our members are working to support the implementation of the Vested Property Return Act (2011) by providing policy, legal support and advocating for 500,000 victim families of religious minorities.
In Nepal, our members provided support to 1000 landless persons in receiving identity cards, enabling them to apply for, and secure land ownership certificates.
In Cambodia, our members are involved in consultative processes with governments, civil society organisations and communities to develop and make recommendations on the establishment of mechanisms for land conflict resolution.
In Indonesia, our members are promoting the set-up of a National Commission for Agrarian Reform and Conflict resolution.
In the Philippines, our members are working to enhance capacities on zoning amongst civil society organisations , so that once the National Land Use Act is approved, rural communities have the tools to secure their rights.
In Cameroon, our members are providing support to evicted Mbororo families of the Banja village, in the country's northwest region.
In Malawi, our members are linking displaced and vulnerable people with pro bono legal institutions. In order to ensure that the country's new Land Law is implemented for the benefit of the people, members are also advocating so that unused or underutilized private land may be used for resettlement.
In South Sudan, our members are working to empower traditional leaders to register all people in the village as well as to register all land parcels to customary estates in order to reduce land conflicts.
In Guatemala, our members are following up with evicted communities from the Polochic Valley, and are aiding in their resettlement.
In Nicaragua, our members are defining concrete mechanisms for providing access to land, including the implementation of Laws such as 717 and the law's related government created fund
Working with small farmers and Indigenous communities in the Trifinio region of Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras to:
- Strenghthen their capacity to participate in land use/governance processes
- Analyse and formulate proposals on access to, ownership and governance of land
- Generate spaces for dialogue and ensure inclusive participation in programs related to the management of territores and land governance
ILC carries out consultations among its members to provide consolidated network inputs (including joint technical briefs, advocacy campaigns, analytical reports, etc.) into key global policy processes and documents, in an effort to contribute to adequate recognition of land rights. Most recently, ILC has facilitated members' participation in the discussions concerning the development, monitoring and implementation of the Post-2015 sustainable development agenda, as well in the institutional policy or programmatic reviews of influential actors in the development arena, for instance the World Bank on its review of the Environmental and Social Safeguards Framework.
ILC also supports its members to participate in policy processes and events that they might otherwise not be able to access. It also negotiates and liaises with key actors on the participation of ILC members and encourages open consultations to ensure that global policy processes are enriched by the perspectives and voices of community and grassroots representatives. Within these spaces, ILC organizes and supports side events in major policy conferences and assemblies, in order to raise the visibility of ILC's members and agreed positions, and to build new partnerships.
In ILC events, ILC members come together to dialogue and develop consensus/positions on strategic matters and emerging issues, including to develop regional and global Declarations. Joint ILC Declarations can and have made significant contributions to the coalition's identity and public positioning, such as with the definition of "land grabbing" agreed in Tirana in 2011 and the 10 commitments to people-centred land governance formulated in Antigua in 2013.
In the future, ILC will move increasingly towards providing direct technical support to members (through toolkits, review/advice) and organising capacity strengthening for global policy advocacy.
One of the areas for technical support will be a series of guides for members to better understand and use the Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGTs), and the Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa (ALPFG), based on the ten Commitments to People-Centred land Governance.