The ILC Assembly of Members (AoM) appoints a Council to act as the executive board of the ILC. It is responsible for the overall responsibilities of governance between meetings of the AoM.
The Council consists of representatives from 16 members. The composition is based on considerations for geographical balance, expertise, and diverse categories of members with particular attention to women and Indigenous Peoples. Ten of the 16 Council members are civil society organisations. Six are intergovernmental organisations or CGIAR centres. They are nominated by their regional caucuses and appointed at the recommendation of the Membership Committee by the AoM.
The Council meets twice each year. The intergovernmental organisation hosting the Secretariat of the Coalition holds permanent membership in the Council for the duration of the hosting agreement. The Council is co-chaired by one representative from a civil society organisation (as selected by the other civil society representatives) and one intergovernmental organisation which is the organisation hosting the Secretariat of the ILC.