National Engagement Strategy
As of 2015, NES Nepal's achievements include:
- 762 land-poor families gained secure access to 57ha of public land;
- 521 families received joint land ownership titles covering an area of 192ha of land;
- The new Constitution approved in 2015, has ensured the land rights for dalit landless people;
- Providing inputs to policy and legal texts, including: amendments to the Land Reform Act; formulation of the new Land Acquisition Act; the Landless Problems Solving Commission; and the Agriculture Development Policy;
- Feedback provided on housing rights was incorporated in the terms of reference of the Landless Problem Resolution Commission, and the issue of marginalised farmers was integrated in the National land Policy;
What is a National Engagement Strategy? Learn more HERE
Control over productive resources such as land is problematic in Nepal due to unfair distribution of land and lack of access to it. This factor leads to increased poverty amongst rural populations because a significant proportion of their income comes from agricultural activities. The Nepalese government, international institutions, and civil society organisations (CSOs) have made sustained efforts to help solve this problem. A number of laws on land have been enacted over the past six decades, but problems are still widespread in land governance, land use and management, land conservation, and development. Much of this is because land issues are closely entwined with the country’s social, economic, political, and cultural contexts.
To address these challenges, the country level multi-stakeholder platform aims to undertake the following concerted actions: establishment of a coordinated platform of CSO members; the development of evidence-based campaigns that have significantly improved land rights for rural women and men (including through certificates of joint land ownership - JLOs); the advancement of policies on women’s land rights, common property regimes, access to forest tenure for poor farmers; and better engagement with the government, especially on the inclusion of the land reform agenda within the new Constitution of Nepal.