Following an external evaluation of the ILC in 2006 and meetings of the ILC General Assembly, Entebbe, Uganda, April 2007, and the Africa Platform, Nairobi, Kenya, October 2007; a decision was made to decentralise ILC, the first step of which was generally described as regionalisation.

The ILC Strategic Framework 2007 to 2011 proposed regionalisation of the ILC and “made clear the need for members and partners at the regional level to lead the decision-making processes, to define and achieve objectives specific to the regions.”

The primary rationale behind this decision was stated as: “to put a pro-poor land agenda into practice in Africa.” Other rationales included: to increase ILC membership, particularly among NGOs and CSOs at the country level; to increase member engagement in the governance and management of ILC and to increase the generation of funding from non-IFAD sources. In 2017, ILC Africa launched its 2017-2021 Strategy with a stronger Regional agenda. The following year, it recuited more members to the platform.

From 2013-2018, four CSOs have hosted the regional platform in three countries. They include: Kenya Land Alliance ( Kenya, 2011-2013), Rwanda Initiative for Sustainable Development (Rwanda, 2013-2014), the Southern Alliance for Indigenous Resources (Zimbabwe, 2014-2015) and the Environment Liaison Centre International (Kenya, 2016-2018). The current host, World Agroforestry (ICRAF), a centre of science and development excellence that harnesses the benefits of trees for people and the environment started hosting the Regional Secretariat in 2019.