ILC Asia 2018 Annual Report

The year 2018 was a distinguished year significantly for  ILC Asia members. In the geopolitical context, Asia was being shaken by financial crisis caused by global trade wars, which irreversibly influenced the social and political tension within the region. The financial crisis had sacrificed marginalised groups, especially on the implementation of popular policies that promote  people centered land governance, as supported by ILC members.

Despite such challenges, our members successfully hosted the Global Land Forum last year. Being a host means that we benefitted from  having a shared learning, having more political attention to Asia, and learning important lessons in organising a large-scale global event. However, it also means that we invested so much energy and time in preparing for the event that it brought  an impact  to the expected outcomes of ILC Asia’s  programmes .  We also welcomed nine new members, making our coalition a strong movement of 54 civil society organisations . In addition, we reached an agreement to elect  new Steering Committee members.

We received 20 strategic reports from members, which content defined the successes and challenges faced by each national and regional platform. At the national level, we could see that various countries were experiencing harsh political dynamics, and that it posed a challenge to realising genuine and pro-people democracy, especially in implementing land policies that protect the poor and our planet . As a result, poverty and inequality persisted and ecological damage continued to worsen.

At the regional level,  our members faced another challenge in advocating for land reform policies. They found that governmental and intergovernmental organisations like the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) lacked the commitment to help realise people-centered land governance.

Presently, the transformation of our platforms at the national level continues to evolve.  NES India has been transformed into the Land Forum  India and has closer cooperation with the India Land and Development Conference. NES Indonesia has begun  to collaborate with a broader platform, the Tenure Coalition, while NES Nepal has established a collaboration with the Fit and Purpose Land Administration (FPP). ILC members in Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia have laid a solid foundation that involve broad parties including  intergovernmental organisations as part of their strategic alliance.

The resource mobilisation strategy remains underdeveloped in Asia, but the achievement can be seen successfully made by our  members. The Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA) and its NES alliance successfully  mobilised more than USD 300,000  for the Global Land Forum, while NES Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia managed to gain financial support of roughly USD 64,000 from intergovernmental organisations.

Despite the  economic and political uncertainty in the region, we are positive that the constant transformation and development of our platforms will lead to better achievement of people centered land governance in Asia in the coming years.