Governance dimensions of climate change adaptation: Methodology for landscape-level institutional assessments

In recent years, in diverse arenas such as conservation, development, and climate change science, issues such as accountability, legitimacy, participation, decision-making, institutions and policymaking have increasingly been considered together under the over-arching umbrella of governance. In all of these fields, it has gradually become clear that matters of who decides and how they decide are fundamental determinants of capacity and of the effectiveness of actions taken. This is certainly true of climate change adaptation. Governance helps to determine access to, and the distribution of, financial resources, natural resources and information. It serves as a framework for enhancing, or for limiting, social learning. And it helps to determine what kinds of adaptations are on and off the table.