Results of the LANDex pilot experience in Colombia
Within the framework of the 10 commitments adopted by the ILC to achieve people-centered land governance, the LANDex, a global index that measures land governance, was developed. The methodology, aligned with these commitments, comprises 33 indicators that are grouped into 3 main types: legal framework, implementation and outcome effectiveness. The methodology has been piloted in several countries such as Nepal, Senegal and recently in Colombia. ILC and the Observatory of Ethnic and Peasant Territories of the Javeriana University of Bogotá presented the results for Colombia on 15 May 2019.
For Colombia, the implementation phase of the LANDex pilot took 5 months. During this time, following the commitment of the methodology to generate data networks based on people, interviews were conducted with 48 experts from different sectors such as academia, state entities, civil society and the private sector. Likewise, as part of the methodology, sources with official quantitative data on land tenure, agriculture, ethnic community tenure systems, land-use planning and land grabbing were reviewed. All of the above was done in order to apply LANDex methodologies in the country.
The development of the pilot revealed difficulties related to the quality of available data, and the limitation of free access to information made it especially difficult to understand the situation of access, management and land market in the country. In general, among the results are interesting findings such as the presence of a strong or sophisticated legal framework, but in most cases a low implementation. In issues such as family farming and inclusive decision-making, existing regulations are scarce. A reiterated perception of the experts consulted is that there is less and less political will and budget for the processes of formalization and titling of lands and territories.
Regarding the protection of the territorial rights of ethnic groups (indigenous and afrodescendants), the legal framework in Colombia is perhaps one of the most developed in the world, but the rights of these communities are not limited to the titling of their lands, it is relevant to take into account their participation in national development models that guarantee an effective enjoyment of their rights. In terms of the protection of Territorial and Environmental Rights Defenders, there is a legal and institutional framework at the national level; however, this regulation must be analyzed in the face of the current situation of leaders and human rights defenders.
The results of the indicators include those related to commitment 10 "Defenders of protected land rights", which shows that there is an institutional and legal framework that works very well at the national level. This contrasts with the reality and perception of civil society and some state institutions such as the Ombudsman's Office that reported the assassination of 431 social leaders and human rights defenders between 2016 and 2018.
The meeting will be attended by representatives of the different sectors of the State, civil society and international organizations that participated in the implementation of NES Peru (Platform for Responsible Land Governance), the next pilot country for the implementation of the methodology. It will be a space for dialogue on the results obtained for Colombia, with emphasis on the importance of the availability and quality of data for monitoring exercises of governance of land and natural resources.
Visit the LANDex website
Agenda of the Results Presentation Table of LANDex Colombia here: