Access to Natural Resources of Rural Women in the Gran Chaco region, Argentina
Presented at the 65th session of the CEDAW, this report aims at giving an account of the current situation of the rights of rural women, referring in particular to peasants, criollas and Indigenous women in the region of Gran Chaco Argentino, in relation to access to land and natural resources, and the interrelated relationship with other rights. The successives socio-economic crisis in the country have impacted more intensely in these mentioned groups, mainly by the deficit presence of the State in health, education, work, communication and real possibilities for women's access to natural resources. In addition often they suffer multiple discrimination and violation of rights.
In the Chaco region, women have large ethnic identities; sometimes self-assigned or assigned by the technical or political teams that work with them. Thus, in the same territory there are women who are recognized as criollas, peasant or indigenous. To visualize this heterogeneity is crucial to think about future focused and specific interventions where required. It is because this heterogeneity of identities present in the territory, that we have chosen to speak of rural women globally to mention women who inhabit this area, noting that this does not dilute the differences that exist in the real and semantics. The report shows clearly how the lack of access to land / territory and water or control of natural resources -essential means for conducting human rights- and adversely impacts most harshly on women. It shows clear how in the Chaco region of Argentina (a country with a legislation that is considered progressive in recognizing human rights, and signed all international treaties related to the rights of women), today there remains a deep gap between that legislation and its effective implementation. The analysis takes as central references: the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) -especially Article 14- and Recommendation 34.