After Daewoo? Current status and perspectives of large-scale land acquisition in Madagascar

Moving from the well-known Daewoo and Varun cases, this study presents the evolution of large-scale agricultural investments in Madagascar between 2005 and 2010. After presenting the legal framework that is meant to regulate such investments and analysing operators’ practices to access land, as well as the means of regulating these investments at the local and national levels, it shows that, of the 52 projects announced since 2005, one-third have not passed the prospecting phase or have stopped. Only a quarter of the projects are currently ongoing and are advancing slowly, while the rest remain in the set-up phase. The land areas involved in the projects underway represent no more than 150,000 hectares – 20 times less than the area initially announced – while the areas that are effectively in use represent only 23,000 hectares for the moment. However, the report warns that targeting such a high proportion of Madagascar’s arable land reserves, in the space of just five years, raises a debate on land use planning and the conciliation of family agriculture and agribusiness.