Highly extractive fishing activities and privatisation of foreshore lands: impact on the everyday lives of municipal fisherfolk
This paper describes the struggles of artisanal fisherfolk in the Calabarzon region in Luzon, the Philippines, to reclaim the foreshore lands, the fishery and inland resources that they have traditionally used. It documents different forms of commercialisation of the foreshore areas, including by private beach resorts, reclamation projects and aquaculture. The findings reveal that land and coastal use in these areas has been entirely altered by such developments. Artisanal fisherfolk now suffer from a loss of access to the foreshore for fishing and other activities such as landing boats and drying fish, as well as from a lack of secure tenure for housing. While key drivers of these threats to fisherfolk communities include the commercial potential of tourism and aquaculture developments, the research identifies the weak governance of foreshore resources as a key overarching concern. Rules and procedures are weakly enforced, with illegal development, reclamation and enclosure of mangroves, beachfronts and lakes shores being a common occurrence.