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Dialogue national sur la sécurisation des droits fonciers communautaires
28 août 2019En savoir plus
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LAND RIGHTS IN MADAGASCAR
Major land governance problems facing Madagascar:
Prior to the launch of land reform by the government in 2005, land governance in Madagascar was marked by the coexistence of a dual system of norms - written civil law and local customary systems. Despite the country's wealth of natural resources and reserves of land, the weak protection of unwritten land rights was a source of widespread land insecurity that fostered the development of land and social conflicts, with peasants being the most vulnerable victims.
Land registration, the only means of ensuring the security of land-related rights, was inaccessible to large numbers of communities because its procedures were complex, long and costly. The average cost of obtaining a land title was estimated at US$400 and delays sometimes exceeded 15 years. Private investment was annoyed by this land scramble, as rural producers and development projects were not encouraged to invest in land that was not secure for long-term exploitation (only 15% of the territory is secure).
In 2015, following the demands of civil society, the government adopted a new land policy with the main objective of promoting massive land tenure security for the benefit of the majority of the population. Land reform was improved in 2011 with the adoption of a new consolidated land policy letter. This included access to land and land-use planning among its decisions.